1 Possessives of Singular Nouns. &0183;&32;Kilpatrick, an old newspaperman, likes AP style, which forms possessives of words ending in -s by adding just the apostrophe. Change is to es in words ending in is: parentheses, theses. renters insurance.
Unexpected Passions. Punctuation At their worst, misused punctuation marks — commas, semicolons, quotation marks, and the rest — may muddle the meaning of your sentences, leaving your reader confused and frustrated. &0183;&32;7. Friendly's ice cream is the best, they say. So what's the rule?
(This includes words with s and sh sounds. Common Style Guidelines. (It may be because of the AP Style Manual's recommendation. (AP and Chicago) The boss ‘ sister was even meaner. or Sean and Duncan love going to Friendly's. &0183;&32;A firestorm of controversy — a clich&233; I have condemned countless times — has been sparked by the AP’s announcement that it is considering a change in the way we use the possessive. The cats’ supper; The houses’ driveways ; For possessive plurals ending in another letter, the apostrophe rules would mimic those for a singular noun.
Are you confused about how to show the plural and the possessive of certain names? The same is true for words ending in x or z: boss’s office, Alex’s wallet. If the possessive involves a last name ending with "s" or "z," you can add either.
Punctuation for Professionals course. ’s railway station; Louis C. Now, many journalists do not add an s when they form the possessive of a singular proper noun already ending in s. False possessives: The apostrophe generally should not be used after a word that is more descriptive than possessive, except for a plural not ending in s: Explorers Hall, Diners Club, the Department of Veterans Affairs, teachers college but teacher's guide, St. For example, in American English the possessive case can be used with an inanimate object - the book's cover. An apostrophe can be used to show that one thing belongs to or is connected to something. To separate a year used with a date: • The bill was signed on, two days before the session ended.
But he probably fares even better: When it comes to legal writing, the AP Stylebook holds little sway. For Words Ending in Punctuation. This is called a possessive apostrophe. &0183;&32;It could go down in history as the Arkansas Apostrophe Act of. Example words: brother-in-law;passer-by; doctor of philosophy; woman-doctor; secretary of state Explanation: Some compound nouns do not form their plurals by adding 's' to the end.
&0183;&32;For singular proper names ending in s, AP Style is to add only an apostrophe to make them possessive: Achilles’ heel, for example. According to The Chicago Manual of Style, if an s at the end of a singular word is pronounced, the possessive is formed by adding ’s. Check a dictionary or your company’s style book for descriptive words ending in s. . Use an apostrophe plus -s to show the possessive form of a singular noun, even if that singular noun already ends in -s. However, if the 's would be awkward, avoid the possessive and use of instead: the governor of Texas, the history of jazz. Back to Chris’ notebook again.
Apostrophes with Names Ending in s, ch, or z. &0183;&32;According to the Associated Press Stylebook, we don’t use an apostrophe punctuation possessive words ending ap manual when that first word ends in an S if it’s a descriptive phrase. Some style guides, like The Chicago Manual of Style and APA Publication Manual, suggest adding an apostrophe and an additional s in the possessive of a name that already ends in s. , Moses, Euripides). Jan Freeman offers a quick survey of style-book and language-maven variation on this point ("Possessed by punctuation", The Boston Globe, ): If you follow AP style, you'll always use just the apostrophe to make a singular noun possessive: Arkansas' voters, the boss' temper, Jesus' words. SP : Best of AP Style and Grammar/Punctuation/Spelling (GPS) 1.
By The Chicago Manual of Style: Jesus's followers. 2) and the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (4. the boss’s daughter. In typing this post, my spell-checker objects to Jesus's and offers Jesus' instead. When indicating the possessive, if there is more than one owner add an apostrophe to the plural; if there is one owner, add 's to the singular (The Smiths' car vs.
The apostrophe indicates (to me, anyway) the break between the final s-sound of the name and the final z-sound of the possessive formation. &0183;&32;However, if a year is a possessive form ending with an apostrophe, you may also use an apostrophe for the two digits. " - Henry Ward Beecher "I will not hide the teacher's medication. To separate a state when used with a city: • The package was.
You can either recast the sentence or use the original possessive name. In addition to the -'s ending (a clitic), the possessive can be expressed with of, particularly when the possessor is not alive (the top floor of the building, the base of the statue). As a tip, the AP Stylebook says that if a longer form of the phrase uses for or by rather than of, an apostrophe usually wouldn’t be needed in the shorter version. AP style also aims to avoid stereotypes and unintentionally offensive language.
The possessive of a compound noun is made by placing the possessive ending after the last word. Elizabeths Hospital, Teamsters Union, visitors center. Chicago Manual, MLA & APA; punctuation possessive words ending ap manual The traditional rule, as found in the Chicago Manual of Style (7. Add -es for names ending in "s" or "z" and add -s for everything else. The Post, and many other publications, think the apostrophe-s. But other usage guides prefer the apostrophe plus s -- with just enough exceptions to keep us on our toes. The format and rules for possessive nouns are slightly different between American and British English. For a better writing, change the possessive into an "of" phrase.
Note: Some English usage rules vary among authorities. Rule: To show the plural of a name that ends in s, ch, or z, add es. Let's take a look at some.
See an example in Section 8. There are exceptions: pianos. Avoiding the possessive form of words ending with “s”.
23 Punctuation The punctuation rules in this section align with those presented in The Chicago Manual of Style. Avoid Using an Apostrophe to Make Regulars Noun Plural. I: do not confuse the possessive. an association for lawyers. 18-26), MLA Hand book (3. For example: Westward Ho!
PUNCTUATION Use a comma. For example, the Associated Press (AP) Stylebook is a guide specific for news media and journalists while The Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) is used by many book publishers and writers. Sean and Duncan love going to Friendly's. &0183;&32;Welcome to the latest edition of Above the Law’s Grammer Pole of the Weak, a column where we turn questions of English grammar and usage. (Jones is acceptable either way. " Last month, the Arkansas State Legislature passed a non-binding resolution.
However, in British English the possessive case cannot be used with an inanimate object. 21 - To avoid an awkward appearance, an apostrophe without an s may be used for the possessive of singular words and names ending in an unpronounced s. 12) is a singular noun, common and proper, ending in s forms the genitive by adding 's: house/house's, boss/boss's, Davis/Davis's, Charles/Charles's. . &0183;&32;According to The Chicago Manual of Style, if the s at the end of a singular word is pronounced, the possessive is formed by adding 's.
Add es to most words ending in ch, s, sh, ss, x and z: buses, churches, foxes, fuzzes, glasses. &0183;&32;The Chicago Manual of Style admits that “the line between a possessive or genitive form and a noun used attributively—as an adjective—is sometimes fuzzy, especially in the plural. Others—the AP Stylebook, for example—recommend adding just an apostrophe. The 's' is appended to the principal word eg/the plural is brothers-in-law.
Also good for second grade or any beginning punctuation possessive words ending ap manual grammarian, this online game makes reading and writing quick, easy, and. If the word appears frequently throughout your document, The Chicago Manual of Style (Chicago style) recommends only using the italics the first time the word appears; however, you can continue to use italics if the word appears infrequently. But what if the name is Sanchez or Church or Williams? &0183;&32;In English grammar, possessive case is the case (or function) of an inflected form of a noun (Santa's, the boss's) showing ownership, measurement, or source. 21 Words and names ending in unpronounced "s. Or choose AP's way of doing things. If the word or compound includes, or even ends with, a punctuation mark, an apostrophe and an “s” are still added in the usual way.
27 of the Publication Manual. Even if you’re on board here, don’t expect an easy ride. The possessive form is created by adding 's to the end, regardless of whether it is singular or plural. attorney-at-law’s. In it, kids will pick the possessive use punctuation possessive words ending ap manual of apostrophe from multiple choices on the board. To form the possessive of a singular noun, add ’s.
Maybe you know to write I met the Smiths, I drove Brenda Smith's Ferrari, and I visited the Smiths' house. Possessive of Inanimate Objects 2 At Langley, the preferred rules for forming possessives are as follows (G. &0183;&32;If you follow AP style, you'll always use just the apostrophe to make a singular noun possessive: Arkansas' voters, the boss' temper, Jesus' words. A punctuation debate made the National Law Journal this week. C: do not omit apostrophes with contractions.
” This style manual suggests that writers omit the apostrophe “in proper names (often corporate names) or where there is clearly no possessive meaning” (p. Use the apostrophe in the plurals of small letters; for capital letters used as words for letter grades, just add s to form the plural. &0183;&32;Plural Possessives. Or if the word is a name of a person ending in s. However, if the ’s would be awkward, avoid the possessive.
What follows are summaries of some of the most common style rules. &0183;&32;According to The Chicago Manual of Style, if the s at the end of a singular word is pronounced, the possessive is formed by adding 's. Add es to most words ending in o if a consonant precedes o: echoes, heroes.
but from Catechism of the Catholic Church: Jesus' followers. The Blue Book of Grammar and Punctuation leans towards usage rules in CMS along with other authoritative texts and does not attempt to conform to the AP. When style issues are implicated in this guide, I have usually deferred to The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition. " Even when the word already ends in "s," this is the rule I follow. ) If I say something belongs to Jesus, there is an -es sound at the end. ) So we read the newspaper and learn this incorrect form. &0183;&32;FOR AP STYLE: if the word following the singular common noun ending in s begins with s, add an apostrophe only.
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